Elbow problems

Elbow problems can cause a range of symptoms including pain, swelling and stiffness.

In many cases, new or flare-up of long-standing elbow problems should begin to settle within 6 weeks without the need to see a healthcare professional.

When to seek help

Speak to a healthcare professional as soon as possible if:

  • there's been significant trauma, for example a fall from height or direct blow to the elbow
  • you can't move your elbow at all

What causes elbow problems?

Elbow problems can be the result of an injury from sport or due to repetitive movements of the elbow. It may also be due to a flare-up of an existing problem

Problems on the outside of your elbow are often called tennis elbow, and on the inside, golfers elbow.

Can this cause problems anywhere else?

You may feel some pain in the muscles around your elbow and down to your wrist. You may also have altered feeling into your fingers. These should improve as your elbow problem gets better.


Keeping your elbow moving is an essential part of your treatment and recovery. Keeping active is the single best thing you can do for your general health.

Being physically active can:

  • maintain your current levels of fitness – even if you have to modify what you normally do, any activity is better than none
  • keep your other muscles and joints strong and flexible
  • prevent a recurrence of the problem
  • help you aim for a healthy body weight

Avoid sports or heavy lifting until you have less discomfort and good movement.

Exercises to help with elbow problems

Resting or moving?

Within the first 24 to 48 hours after an elbow injury you should try to:

  • rest your elbow but avoid long spells of not moving at all
  • move your elbow gently for 10 to 20 seconds every hour when you are awake

After 48 hours:

  • try to use your arm more - exercise really helps your elbow and can relieve pain
  • do whatever you normally would and stay at, or return to work - this is important and is the best way to get better

You may need to adapt how you do things in the first hours and days.

Pain treatments

Pain medication can help to reduce the pain and help you move more comfortably, which can help your recovery.

Speak to your community pharmacist or other healthcare professional about taking medication or other methods of pain relief. It's important to take medication regularly.

More about taking painkillers


It's recommended you stay at or return to work as quickly as possible during your recovery. You don't need to be pain and symptom-free to return to work.

Help and support

If your elbow problem hasn’t improved within 6 weeks of following this advice, it’s a good idea to talk to a healthcare professional about your symptoms.

Last updated:
11 May 2022